Ole Secher Tendal
BIOFAR 1 and BIOFAR 2 (FARCOS) projects are
faunistic-floristic-biogeographical investigations of the benthic fauna and
flora in the Faroese exclusive economical zone.
The project period for BIOFAR 1 was 1988-1990, and about 800 samples from depths between 100 and 1100 m were obtained with a dozen different kinds of gear. Sorting was done at the Kaldbak Laboratory, especially erected for BIOFAR near Tórshavn. Material has been sent to more than 60 specialists all over the world for identification, and about 200 scientific and popular articles are now on the BIOFAR publication list. A special effort was made to establish a thorough overview of the bottom-near hydrographic conditions of the investigated area, and now any sampling site can be related to average water mass characteristics.
The BIOFAR 2 project ran from 1993 through 1995 and the collection efforts were concentrated from the littoral to about 100 m depth, viz. the fjords, sounds and parts of the Faroese plateau. The sampling strategy was different from that of BIOFAR 1 as the area comprises Laminaria forests and can partly be worked on by scuba divers.
Although not all material has been worked up a final symposium, “North-East Atlantic marine benthic organisms in the Faroes - taxonomy, distribution and ecology” was held in Tórshavn in 2003. There were about 40 participants, and the proceedings contains 18 articles, 20 abstracts and the list of publications based completely or in part on material and results from the BIOFAR projects.
Information on the projects and collections can be obtained from the head of the Kaldbak Laboratory, Director Jan Sørensen
(firstname.lastname@example.org) and Ole Tendal (email@example.com).
Some general references:
G., T.E. Lein & R. Nielsen (eds.), 1999: Marine benthic algae and
invertebrate communities from the shallow waters of the Faroe Islands. -
Kaldbak Marine Biological Laboratory. The Faroe Islands. 117 pp. (The report
contains 20 contributions broadly describing the results from BIOFAR 2)
Bruntse, G. & O.S. Tendal (eds.), 2001: Marine biological investigations and assemblages of benthic invertebrates from the Faroe Islands. - Kaldbak Marine Biological Laboratory. The Faroe Islands. 80 pp. (The report contains nine contributions broadly describing the results from BIOFAR 1)
Nørrevang, A., T. Brattegard, A. Josefson, J.-A. Sneli & O.S. Tendal, 1994: List of BIOFAR stations - Sarsia 79: 165-180.
Nørrevang, A., O.S. Tendal & D. Bloch (eds.), 2005: BIOFAR Proceedings 2005. BIOFAR Symposium, Tórshavn 24-26 April 2003. North-East Atlantic marine benthic organisms in the Faroes - taxonomy, distribution and ecology. - Annales Societatis Scientiarum Færoensis Supplementum 41. 272 pp.
Sørensen, J., G. Bruntse, K. Gunnarsson & R. Nielsen, 2000: List of BIOFAR 2 stations. - Froðskaparrit 48: 61-85.
Tendal, O.S., 1998: The Viking Sea revisited: new investigations into benthic fauna around the Faroe Islands and Iceland - Ocean Challenge 8: 32-36.
Tendal, O.S., T. Brattegard, A. Nørrevang & J.-A. Sneli, 2005: The BIOFAR 1 programme: background, accomplishment, and some outcome from inter-Nordic benthos investigations around the Faroe Islands (NE Atlantic). - Annales Societas Scientiarum Færoensis Supplementum 41: 9-32.
Tendal, O.S., T.
Brattegard, A. Nørrevang, J.-A. Sneli & J. Sørensen, 2005: Publications and
presentations based completely or in part on material and results from the
BIOFAR Projects. - Annales Societas Scientiarum Færoensis Supplementum 41:
Westerberg, H., 1990: Benthic temperature in the Faroe area. - Report no 51 from Department of Oceanography, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. 19 pp. (A slightly improved version was published 1991)
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Last update: 18 november 2005