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Atherina-sihama-71
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Peter Forsskål  1732-1763
Peter Forsskål
Peter Forsskål’s (1732-1763) famous fish herbarium

Forsskål types in the Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark,
University of Copenhagen.

Forsskål’s famous fish herbarium were made during the “The Arabian Journey” (1761-67), an expedition arranged by the Danish king, Frederik the 5th. Peter Forsskål was the naturalist of the of the expedition and one of his many objects was to make collection of the natural history of South West Arabia.
For more information on the expedition and on the collections in general see Hansen (1962) and Spärck (1963).

Except for a few alcohol preserved specimens, which never reached Denmark, all fish in the collection were preserved as dried specimens, with only the skin and parts of the skeleton from either the right or left side kept, pressed like a plant in a herbarium.
 
Forsskål’s descriptions were published in “Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium quae in Itinere Orientali observavit Petrus Fors[s]kål” printed in Copenhagen in 1775, twelve years after the death of Forsskål. The book was edited by Carsten Niebuhr, the only survivor of the expedition, and was based on Forsskål’s field notes.
You will find information, photos and radiographs of the types of 60 nominal species still present in the ZMUC collection, including one uncertain holotype and the holotype of Salarias quadripennis Cuvier, 1817, which was described from a Forsskål specimen. A total of 42 holotypes, 9 syntypes, 14 lectotypes and 14 paralectotypes are included. Today, 52 of Forsskål’s nominal species are considered valid, but 48 of these have been reassigned to other genera. Eight names are regarded as junior synonyms.

The present text was arranged by Peter Rask Møller, primarily based on the work of Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965), but with new photos and radiographs of three and ten species, respectively. The species are arranged according to their current systematic position and generally follow Goren and Dor (1994).


For more information, please contact Assistant Professor/curator (Ph.D.)   Peter Rask Møller
Or assisent curator:
  Tammes Menne

Webdesign: Nikolas Ioannou Copyright © 2006 ( Conditions of use ) Zoological Museum, Natural History Museum of Denmark.
Photos: Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965), P.R. Møller, Iben Heiner and Geert Brovad.

Nominal species in Forsskål’s type collection, listed in current families, with annotations, radiograph images and photographs
 
Literature
  Latest update: september 23nd 2007

FAMILY:   Elopidae
GENUS:  Argentina
SPECIES:  machnata
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 68, no. 100.
LOCALITY:   Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P17153
CURRENT NAME:  Elops machnata (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 472 mm, SL 360 mm, head 94 mm, dorsal finrays 23, anal finrays 15. Last dorsal finrays not elongated (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 25, Plate 36).
This species was formerly regarded identical to Elops saurus Linne, 1766 e.g. Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965), but is now recognised as Elops machnata (Forsskål, 1775) e.g. by Fowler (1956), Whitehead (1962), Fraser (1973) and Goren and Dor (1994).



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FAMILY:  Albulidae
GENUS:   Argentina
SPECIES:   glossodonta
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 68, no. 99
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P17152
CURRENT NAME:  Albula vulpes (Linné, 1758)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Head 60-70 mm. From base of pectoral fins to base of caudal fin ~177 mm. Head greatly damaged (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 25, plate 36).



FAMILY:  Muraenesocidae
GENUS:  Muraena
SPECIES:  cinera
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775

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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium p. X
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P31250
CURRENT NAME:  Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Named Muraena cinera at p. X, but at p. 22, no. 2 the name is changed to Muraena tota cinera (non Conger cinereus Rüppell, 1828). Head 84 mm. Condition bad, but maxillary, mandibulary, and vomerine teeth well discernible. Body light brown; lower side light sand‑coloured to whitish (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 13, plate 1).


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FAMILY:  Chanidae
GENUS:  Mugil
SPECIES:  chanos
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775

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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIV and 74, no. 110
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P17154
CURRENT NAME:  Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 280 mm, SL 206 mm, head 54 mm, depth 72 mm, dorsal finrays approx. 13, anal finrays 9, lateral line scales 75-80 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 26, plate 37).




FAMILY:  Hemiramphidae
GENUS:  Esox
SPECIES:  marginatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE: Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 67, no. 98.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P342523
CURRENT NAME:  Hemiramphus marginatus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 262 mm, head 58 mm (from tip of upper jaw), dorsal finrays 13‑15, anal finrays 10. Pectoral fins shorter than head. The width of the triangular part of the upper jaw is equal to the length. Base of pelvic fins placed closer to base of caudal fin than to eye. Base of anal fin half the length of base of dorsal fin. No blotches on body (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 25, plate 35).




FAMILY:  Holocentridae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  murdjan
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 48, no. 52.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia

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TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4041
CURRENT NAME:  Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. In a very poor condition, with head and paired fins missing. The body appears to have dark longitudinal stripes. Forsskål did not mention these, but stated that the body is reddish, the fins are red, and pelvic fins and caudal fin have white outer margins (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 19, plate 15).


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FAMILY:  Holocentridae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  sammara
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 48, no. 53
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4042
CURRENT NAME:  Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. From base of pectoral fins to base of caudal fin ~ 94 mm. Most of the head is missing. Faint longitudinal stripes on body and tail (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 19, plate 15-16). Named Holocentrus sammara (Forsskål, 1775) by Nielsen (1974), Flammeo sammara (Forsskål, 1775) by Dor (1984) and Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål, 1775) by e.g. Goren and Dor (1994).



FAMILY:  Holocentridae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  spinifera
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 49, no. 54
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LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4043
CURRENT NAME:  Sargocentron spinifer (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 148 mm, head 58 mm, D XI + 14 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 19, plate 16). Named Holocentrus spiniferus (Forsskål, 1775) (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, Nielsen 1974), Adioryx spinifer (Forsskål, 1775) (Dor 1984) and Sargocentron spinifer e.g. Shimizu (1984) and Goren and Dor (1994).



FAMILY:  Platycephalidae
GENUS:  Cottus
SPECIES:  insidiator
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium p. X
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P8012
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CURRENT NAME:  Platycephalus indicus (Linné, 1758)
NOTES:  Dried skin. At p. X named Cottus insidiator, but at p. 25, no. 8 the name is changed to Cottus rogad; insidiator. Head 103 mm. Body not measurable (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 13, plate 1). These authors did not follow Günther (1860) and Klunzinger (1884) in regarding insidiator as a valid species

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FAMILY:  Serranidae
GENUS:  Perca
SPECIES:  tauvina
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 39, no. 38
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43565
CURRENT NAME:  Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 205 mm, SL 169 mm, head 71 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 17, plate 8). See also the discussion by Randall (1964).



FAMILY:  Serranidae
GENUS:  Perca
SPECIES:  louti
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 40, no. 40
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43566
CURRENT NAME:  Variola louti (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 302 mm, SL 224 mm, head 79 mm. Dorsal half of body dark with light spots (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 17, plate 9). Eschmeyer (1996) mentioned this as a syntype, but since there is evidence of one specimen only, it is here kept as a holotype.



FAMILY:  Serranidae
GENUS:  Perca
SPECIES:  miniata
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI var. ß and 41, no. 41 b
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43567
CURRENT NAME:  Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 225 mm, head 85 mm. Background colour of the body light brown, covered with spots. The spotted fins are blackish Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965 p. 17, plate 9). According to Klunzinger (1870) it is identical to Serranus hemistiktos (Ruppell, 1828). That view was not adopted by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965). Eschmeyer (1996) mentioned this as a syntype, but since there is evidence of one specimen only, it is here kept as a holotype.

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FAMILY:  Serranidae
GENUS:  Perca
SPECIES:  summana
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 42, no. 42
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43569
CURRENT NAME:  Epinephelus summana (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  TL 200 mm, SL 170 mm, head 76 mm. Upper jaw broken; measure­ments taken from the lower symphysis. Background colour brownish. Body with large, light spots approx. the size of the eye, and in addition numerous smaller and lighter dots. This species is not identical to Epinephelus summana in Schultz (1953, p. 338) (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965 p. 18, plate 10)



FAMILY:  Serranidae
GENUS:  Perca
SPECIES:  areolata
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 42
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype?
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43570
CURRENT NAME:  Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 280 mm, head 105 mm. The sheet of paper on which the present specimen is kept is marked no. 38, referring to Perca tauvina in "Descriptiones Animalium", but it is definitely not a tauvina. On an enclosed label (writer unknown) is written "P. areolata or P. fasciata? areolata?". Owing to this confusion it is still uncertain if this is the type of P. areolatus Forsskål, 1775 (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965, p. 18, plate 10). Epinephelus angularis (Valenciennes, 1828) is a synonym (Randall and Heemstra 1991).



FAMILY:  Therapontidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  jarbua
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 50, no. 57
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia and Suez
Photo X-Ray
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P43571 and P43572
CURRENT NAME:  Therapon jarbua(Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Two specimens TL 225 and 219 mm, SL 183 mm and 173 mm, head 54 and 55, of which the smaller was designated as the lectotype by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, 20, plate 17-18). Current name spelled Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) by some authors e.g. Akazaki (1984) and Therapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) by others e.g. Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965), Nielsen (1974), Dor (1984) and Goren and Dor (1994).

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FAMILY:  Priacanthidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  hamrur
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 45, no. 44
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
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SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P44109 and P44110
CURRENT NAME:  Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775) NOTES: Dried skins. Two specimens SL 219 and 183 mm, head 67 and 57 mm. The smaller specimen, being in the best condition, was designated as the lectotype by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, p. 18, plate 11). Former ZMUC numbers P4773 and P4774 (Nielsen 1974) have been changed.



FAMILY:  Sillaginidae
GENUS:  Atherina
SPECIES:  sihama
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 70, no. 102
LOCALITY:  Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P45164
CURRENT NAME:  Sillago sihama (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Original label lost. SL 181 mm, head 50 mm, depth 44 mm, dorsal finrays XI + 18, anal finrays 23, lateral line scales 68‑70. A later note informs that the present speci­men is Atherina sihama Forsskål, 1775 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 27, plate 38).



FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  lysan
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 54, no. 69.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia and Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46435 and P46436
CURRENT NAME:  Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Two specimens, one without head. The intact specimen is selected as the lectotype SL 216 mm, head 54 mm. No enlarged scutes in lateral line. Soft dorsal and anal fins formed as finlets. Maxillary ends below middle of eye (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p.22, plate 25).

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FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  bajad
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 55, no. 71 b
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Syntypes
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46437 and P46438
CURRENT NAME:  Carangoides bajad(Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Two specimens, one of which is in a fair condition; the other is without head. SL 195 mm, head 55 mm. On p. XII "bajad" is the Arabian vernacular name (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 22, plate 25). Described as a variety, but now regarded as a species (Dor 1984, Goren and Dor 1994).Formerly placed in the genus Caranx (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, Nielsen 1974).



FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  ignobilis
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium p. XII, no. 72
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia and Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Syntypes
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
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CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46439 and P46440
CURRENT NAME:  Caranx ignobili (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  At page XII named Scomber ignobilis, but at page 55 named Scomber ignobilis, kirm. Dried skins of two specimens in extremely poor condition (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 22, plate 26).



FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  djedaba
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 56, no. 75
LOCALITY:  Luhaiya, Yemen or Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Suez
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46441
CURRENT NAME:  Alepes djedaba(Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 218 mm, head 59 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 22, plate 26). Synonyms are Caranx djedaba (Forsskål, 1775) (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, Nielsen 1974), Selar djedaba (Forsskål, 1775) (Hureau and Tortonese 1973). Placed in genus Alepis by e.g. Goren and Dor (1994).

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FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  ferdau
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 55, no. 71.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46442
CURRENT NAME:  Carangoides ferda (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Base of pectoral fin to base of caudal fin ~ 150 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 22, plate 27). According to Smith (1968) this is not the holotype of Scomber ferdau, since the specimen does not agree with Forsskål’s description.



FAMILY:  Carangidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  falcatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 57, no. 76
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia and Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Syntypes
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P46444-445 (P46443 given to RMS, September 1989)
CURRENT NAME:  Trachinotus blochi (Lacépède, 1802)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Three well preserved specimens. TL 217‑225‑208 mm, SL 165‑164‑159 mm, head 42-42‑40 mm (premaxillaries slightly pro­truding) (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 22). Synonym of Trachinotus blochi (Lacépède, 1802). The name was preoccupied by Scomber falcalus Linne, 1758. See comments in Weber and de Beaufort (1931) and in Wheeler (1962).




FAMILY:  Leiognathidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  equula
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 58, no. 77
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48219 and P48220
CURRENT NAME:  Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Two specimens SL 131 and 120 mm, head 45 and 44 mm (in the smaller specimen the premaxillaries protrude). The larger specimen was selected as the lectotype (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 28).



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FAMILY:  Lutjanidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  fulviflamma
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL REFERENCE:  pp. XI and 45, no. 45
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4775 and P4776
CURRENT NAME:  Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Two specimens SL 162 and 76 mm, head 64 and 29 mm., both with a dark spot on the flank. The larger was designated as the lecto­type by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, 18, plate 12). The name Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forsskål, 1775) was used by Ormond and Edwards (1987), while several authors (see Goren and Dor 1994) used the name Lutjanus fulviflammus (Forsskål, 1775).




FAMILY:  Lutjanidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  kasmira
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 46, no. 46
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
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SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4777 and P4778
CURRENT NAME:  Lutjanus kasmira (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Two specimens SL 182 and 181 mm, head 70 and 65 mm, of which the larger and dark‑brown individual was selected as the lecto­type by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, p.18, plate 13). Forsskål writes: "Latera & dorsum flavida; vittis utrinque 4, cæruleis, margine undulatis." However, on both specimens, there are also faint traces of abdominal stripes (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965).



FAMILY:  Lutjanidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  bohar
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 46, no. 47
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4779
CURRENT NAME:  Lutjanus bohar (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 217 mm, head 80 mm. The two light dorsal spots described by Forsskål are no longer visible (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965 p. 19, no. 27, plate 14)..


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FAMILY:  Nemipteridae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  ghanam
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 50, no. 56
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4782
CURRENT NAME:  Scolopsis ghanam (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin.TL 181 mm, SL 148 mm, head 44 mm, depth 46 mm, lateral line scales 50, scales be­tween lateral line and anterior dorsal fin ~ 2 1/2. With mouth open the ma­xillary ends below the nostril, but with mouth closed it probably ends below anterior part of eye (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, 19, plate 17).




FAMILY:  Gerreidae
GENUS:  Labrus
SPECIES:  öyena
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
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ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 35, no. 29
LOCALITY:  Suez or Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48209
CURRENT NAME:  Gerres oyena (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 123 mm, SL 96 mm, head 36 mm, depth 35 mm, lateral line scales 38. Snout pro­truding (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 16, plate 7).




FAMILY:  Haemulidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  gaterina
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 50, no. 59.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
Photo X-Ray
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48212 and P48213
CURRENT NAME:  Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Two specimens, of which the larger was designated as the lecto­type. SL 239 mm, head 63 mm, dorsal fin rays XI+19 (anterior spines lost). In the smaller specimen the head is missing: From base of pectoral fins to base of caudal fin ~ 103 mm, dorsal fin rays XIII + 18 (one or two rays lost). On the latter specimen the spots on the body are arranged in rather irregular rows, while the spots on the larger individual form lines running upwards (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965, p. 20, plate 18). The current name Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775) used by e.g. (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, Goren and Dor 1994) was spelled Plectorhynchus gaterinus by Dor (1984).

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FAMILY:  Haemulidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  schotaf
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 51, no. 59 c
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48214
CURRENT NAME:  Plectorhinchus schotaf (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 253 mm, head 70 mm, dorsal finrays XII +20. On p. XII "schotaf" is used only as an Arabian vernacular name (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965, p. 20, plate 19). Smith (1962) discussed the present species and published a photograph of the type. Named Plectorhynchus schotaf by Akazaki et al. (1984) and Dor (1984), but Plectorhinchus schotaf by Roux (1986), Smith & McKay (1986) and Goren and Dor (1994).




FAMILY:  Haemulidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  abumgaterin
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animaliump. 51, no. 59 b
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Syntypes
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48216 and P48217
CURRENT NAME:  Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins.Two specimens. SL 102 and 100 mm, head 30 and 29 mm. Longi­tudinally arranged spots and stripes distinct (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p.20). According to Klunzinger (1870) and Smith (1962) it is the juvenile form of Plectorhinchus gaterinus (Forsskål, 1775).




FAMILY:  Haemulidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  argentea
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animaliumpp. XII and 51, no. 60
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P48218
CURRENT NAME:  Pomadasys argenteus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Dried skin. SL 166 mm, head 57 mm, dorsal finrays XII +14, anal finrays III+5‑6 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 38, plate 19-20).



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FAMILY:  Lethrinidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  nebulosa
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 52, no. 61
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49345
CURRENT NAME:  Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  SL 190 mm, head 64 mm (premaxillaries protruding). This specimen is, like the rest of Forsskål’s collection, placed on a piece of double‑folded paper. The number on the outer paper has apparently been corrected from 64 to 61. The number on the inner paper is 64. This specimen does not agree with Forsskål’s description of no. 64. It seems rather to be the type of Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775) (Smith 1959, Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 21, plate 20).




FAMILY:  Lethrinidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  nigra
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 47, no. 49
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P4780
CURRENT NAME:  Macolor niger (Forsskål, 1775).
NOTES:  SL 324 mm, head 105 mm. Head and fins black or dark brown (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965, p. 19, plate 14-15).




FAMILY:  Lethrinidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  mahsena
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 52, no. 62
LOCALITY:  Red Sea

TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
Photo X-Ray
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49346 and P49347
CURRENT NAME:  Lethrinus mahsena (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  SL 146 and 131 mm, head 50 and 46 mm. The smaller of the two specimens was selected as the lectotype (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 21, plate 21).



FAMILY:  Lethrinidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  harak
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 52, no. 63
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
Photo X-Ray
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49348 and P49349
CURRENT NAME:  Lethrinus harak (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Two specimens. One without head; the other was selected as the lectotype. SL 148 mm, head 48 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 21, plate 22).


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FAMILY:  Lethrinidae
GENUS:  Sciæna
SPECIES:  obsoleta
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium p. XII and 52, no. 64
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
Photo X-Ray
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49352 and P49353
CURRENT NAME:  Lethrinus obsoleta (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  On page XII named Sciaena obsoleta, but on page 52 Sciaena ramak, obsoleta. SL 150 and 132 mm, head 51 and 42 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 21, plate 24). Smith (1959), as the first reviser selected the name obsoleta as the one to have priority. He also suggested the choice of lectotype, based on an assumption of mixed labels (see Smith (1959) and Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965) for further details). Some authors use the name Lethrinus ramak (Forsskal, 1775) e.g. Sato (1978) and Smith and Heemstra (1986).



FAMILY:  Sparidae
GENUS:  Sparus
SPECIES:  crenidens
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray

ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium p. XV, no. 19. (Nominati)
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Suez
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P50551
CURRENT NAME:  Crenidens crenidens (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 180 mm, SL 150 mm, head 41 mm. In the list "Nominati" there is a short, but sufficient diagnosis of the present species (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 16, plate 5).
Eschmeyer et al. (1996) mentioned this as a syntype, but since there is evidence of one specimen only, it is here kept as a holotype.




FAMILY:  Sparidae
GENUS:  Sparus
SPECIES:  sarba
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 31, no. 22
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P50553 and P50554
CURRENT NAME:  Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Two specimens in a good condition. SL 133 and 125 mm, head 38 mm and 37 mm. The smaller is the lectotype (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 16 plate 5-6). Valid as Sparus sarba Forsskål, 1775 by Akazaki (1984), but assigned to Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775) by most authors e.g. Dor (1984), Smith & Smith (1986) and Goren and Dor (1994).


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FAMILY:  Sparidae
GENUS:  Sparus
SPECIES:  berda
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 32, no. 24
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P50555
CURRENT NAME:  Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Head 66 mm, snout to anal fin 180 mm. Teeth well discernible (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 16, plate 6).



FAMILY:  Sparidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  bifasciatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 64, no. 91
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P50557
CURRENT NAME:  Acanthopagrus bifasciatus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  SL 115 mm, head 33 mm, depth 52 mm. Premaxillaries protruding. Dorsal finrays XI + 11, anal finrays III + 10. Forward‑directed canine teeth in front of both jaws. The II ‑ V spine not prolonged into filaments. Two dark bands on the head. Six scale rows between lateral line and median spiny dorsal finray. Lateral line scales approx. 50 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 24, plate 35). This species was referred by some authors to the genera Chrysophrys, Sparus (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965), but is now placed in Acanthopagrus e.g. Smith (1938), Dor (1984), Smith and Heemstra (1986) and Goren and Dor (1994).



FAMILY:  Mullidae
GENUS:  Mullus
SPECIES:  auriflamma
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. X and 30, no. 19
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49343
CURRENT NAME:  Parupeneus forsskali (Fourmanoir and Gueze, 1976)
NOTES:  Dried skin.SL 111 mm, head 34 mm, number of scale in lateral line 28‑29. No teeth on vomer and palatines. A not very dense series of pointed teeth on premaxillary and dentary. Maxillary very far from reaching the orbit. The profile of the head is more or less convex. First dorsal fin with 8 spines, of which the anterior is very small. The barbel, pectoral, and pelvic do not seem to be prolonged. The dentition and the number of lateral line scales show that this species does not belong to the genus Mulloidichthys Whitley, 1929 as stated by e.g. Weber and Beaufort (1931) and Herre (1953), but to the genus Parupeneus Bleeker, 1863 (Klausewitz and Nielsen, 1965, p. 14-15, plate 4). Nielsen and Klausewitz (1965) presented an application to the International Commission on Zoological Nomen­clature, asking for suppression under the Plenary Powers of the specific name auriflamma Forsskål, 1775. Their application was followed and auriflamma was placed on the official index of rejected and invalid specific names in zoology with the name number 893 (Opinion 846, 1968). Mullus auriflamma Forsskål, 1775 was placed in the synonymy of Parupeneus barberinus (Lacépède, 1802) by Nielsen and Klausewitz (1965), but was later redescribed as  Pseudupeneus forsskali Fourmanoir and Gueze, 1976 (Dor and Ben-Tuvia 1984). It is currently placed in the synonymy of Parupeneus forsskali (Fourmanoir and Gueze, 1976) (Ben-Tuvia and Kissil 1988)


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FAMILY:  Mullidae
GENUS:  Mullus
SPECIES:  vittatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. X and 31, no. 20.
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P49344
CURRENT NAME:  Upenus vittatus (Forsskål,1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 230 mm, SL 195 mm, head 57 mm, lateral line scales approx. 35. Teeth more numerous on dentary and premaxillary than in Mullus auri­flamma. Teeth anteriorely in two rows and posteriorly in one row. Maxillary far from reaching the eye. No teeth can be seen on the remaining fragments of vomer and palatines (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 15, plate 4). On the basis of the dentition these authors placed the present specimen in the genus Mulloidichthys Whitley, 1929 and not Upeneus Cuvier, 1829 as stated e.g. by Weber and Beaufort, 1931. Recent authors e.g. Dor and Ben-Tuvia (1984) and Goren and Dor (1994), however, follow the latter point of view.



FAMILY:  Monodactylidae
GENUS:  Scomber
SPECIES:  rhombeus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 58, no. 78
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P50556
CURRENT NAME:  Monodactylus argenteus (Linne, 1758)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 119 mm, SL 90 mm, head 32 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 29).



FAMILY:  Ephippidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  orbicularis
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 59, no. 79
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5168
CURRENT NAME:  Platax orbicularis (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 184 mm, head 57 mm, depth 153 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 30).


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FAMILY:  Chaetodontidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  fasciatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XII and 59, no. 80
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P52400
CURRENT NAME:  Chaetodon faciatus Forsskål, 1775
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 121 mm, SL 103 mm, head 34 mm, depth 60 mm. Number of transversal scales below 6. dorsal spine ~ 3/9 and below 1. dorsal spine 6/10. Lateral line scales 40‑45 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 31).



FAMILY:  Chaetodontidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  auriga
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 60, no. 81
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia or Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P52401
CURRENT NAME:  Chaetodon auriga Forsskål, 1775
NOTES:  Distance from gill slit to end of caudal fin ~99 mm and to base of caudal fin ~88 mm, depth 72 mm. Snout missing, otherwise in a good condition. No spot on dorsal fin. Bands on body very faint (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 32). According to Klausewitz (1960) the species auriga Forsskål con­sists of two subspecies, viz. auriga auriga from the Red Sea and auriga setifer Bloch, 1795. Placed in the genus Anisochaetodon by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965) and Nielsen (1974), but it is now placed in Chaetodon by most authors e.g. Edwaeds and Rosenwell (1981) and Goren and Dor (1994).



FAMILY:  Pomacanthidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  maculosus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 62, no. 85.
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P52402
CURRENT NAME:  Pomacanthus maculosus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Originally named Chaetodon maculosus on p. XIII, and Chaetodon maculosus, arusa on p.62. TL. 256 mm, SL 213 mm, head 59 mm, depth 114 mm. The filamentous rays of dorsal and anal fins have evidently broken (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 23, plate 33). Baschieri‑Salvadori (1954) is mistaken in calling his species from the Red Sea Pomacanthops filamentosus Smith, 1955. Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965) believed that the latter species, described from the east coast of Africa, is identical to Forsskål’s maculosus. Placed in the genus Pomacanthodes by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965) and Nielsen (1974), but it is now placed in genus Pomacanthus e.g. Smith & Heemstra (1986), Randall (1988) and Goren and Dor (1994).


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FAMILY:  Pomacanthidae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  sordidus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 62, no. 87.
Photo X-Ray
LOCALITY:  Jidda, Saudi Arabia
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P56264
CURRENT NAME:  Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Condition very bad, practically indiscernible. A black spot present on the dorsal part of the caudal peduncle (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 24, plate 34). Type of the type species of Abudefduf Forsskål, 1775.



FAMILY:  Mugilidae
GENUS:  Mugil
SPECIES:  our
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium p. XIV
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P71372
CURRENT NAME:  Mugil cephalus Linné, 1758
NOTES:  Dried skin. At p. 74, no. 109 named Mugil c) Öûr, but at p. XIV the name is Mugil crenilabis y) Öûr. SL 298 mm, head 74 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 26, Plate 36).



FAMILY:  Mugilidae
GENUS:  Mugil
SPECIES:  seheli
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium p. XIV and p. 74 no. 109 d
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P71373
CURRENT NAME:  Valamugil seheli (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. In Forsskål’s collection this specimen is labelled “Mugil d) Tâde p. 74, no. 109 d. Two specimens, one without head. TL192 mm, SL 155 mm, head 41 mm, first dorsal finrays 4, second dorsal finray 9, anal finrays 11, Lateral line scales 40. Headless specimen: From base of pectoral fins to tip of caudal fin ~147 mm and to base of caudal fin ~120 mm. Maxillary visible (in dry condition). Upper lip does not appear to be particu­larly thick. Here also "Tâde" is an Arabian vernacular name. According to Trewavas the specimen with a head is probably the type of Mugil seheli Forsskål, 1775 (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 26, Plate 37). The species is now placed in the genus Valamugil e.g. Dor (1984), Smith & Smith (1986) and Goren and Dor (1994).


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FAMILY:   Labridae
GENUS:  Scarus
SPECIES:  gallus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. X and 26, no. 11
LOCALITY:  Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5738
CURRENT NAME:   Thalassoma lunare (Linne, 1758)
NOTES:   Dried skin. TL 185 mm, SL 140 mm, head 44 mm. Head black, fins dark, and the rest of the specimen green (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 14, plate 2).



FAMILY:  Labridae
GENUS:  Labrus
SPECIES:  inermis
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 34, no. 27
LOCALITY:  Mocha, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and Paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5739 and P5740
CURRENT NAME:  Cheilio inermis (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Two specimens both in a good condition. SL 273 mm and 241 mm, head 92 and 78 mm. The scales are of a light green colour on the larger specimen, which was designated as the lectotype by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, p. 16, plate 6).



FAMILY:  Labridae
GENUS:  Labrus
SPECIES:  lunulatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XI and 37, no. 34
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5846
CURRENT NAME:  Cheilinus lunulatus (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. TL 240 mm, SL 205 mm, head 62 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 17, plate 7-8).


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FAMILY:  Scaridae
GENUS:  Scarus
SPECIES:  niger
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. X and 28, no. 14
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5951
CURRENT NAME:  Scarus niger (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. SL 220 mm, head 71 mm. Apart from the caudal peduncle, which is brown‑green, the specimen is dark‑brown (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 14, plate 3). Type specimen mentioned by Smith (1959a). Formerly assigned to the genus Callyodon by e.g. Smith (1956).



FAMILY:  Scaridae
GENUS:  Scarus
SPECIES:  harid
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. X and 30, no. 17
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P5952
CURRENT NAME:  Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Body length (head lost) 170 mm (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 14, plate 3). Smith (1959a) divided this species into two subspecies harid harid Forsskål, 1775 and harid vexillus Smith, 1959.



FAMILY:  Blenniidae
GENUS:  Salarias
SPECIES:  quadripennis
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Cuvier, 1817
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Le Règne Animal 2 p. 251
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Holotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  1
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P75421
CURRENT NAME:  Salarias fasciatus (Bloch, 1786)
NOTES:  Dried skin. Forsskål (1775, pp. X and 23) named this species Blennius gatto­rugine, but the name was preoccupied by Blennius gattorugine Linné, 1758. The specimen was later used in the description of Salarias quadripennis Cuvier, 1817. TL 96 mm, SL 77 mm, head 16 mm. Condition fairly good. Colour of body dark brown. Dorsal and anal fins darker (Klausewitz and Nielsen 1965, p. 13).


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FAMILY:  Acanthuridae
GENUS:  Chætodon
SPECIES:  sohal
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium pp. XIII and 63, no. 89.
LOCALITY:  Red Sea
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P6749 and P6750
CURRENT NAME:  Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)
NOTES:  Dried skins. Two specimens. TL 221 and 206 mm, SL 160 and 139 mm, head 40 and 35 mm, depth 76 and 71 mm. The larger specimen was selected as the lectotype by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, p. 24, plate 34). Type of the type species to Acanthurus Forsskål, 1775.



FAMILY:  Siganidae
GENUS:  Siganus
SPECIES:  rivulatus
SUBSPECIES:
AUTHOR:  Forsskål, 1775
Photo X-Ray
ORIGINAL:  Descriptiones Animalium p. X and 25, no. 9
LOCALITY:  Luhaiya, Yemen
TYPE STATUS:  Lectotype and paralectotype
SPECIMENS IN COLLECTION:  2
CATALOG NO.:  ZMUC P6689 and P6690
CURRENT NAME:  Siganus rivulatus Forsskål, 1775
NOTES:  Dried skins. At p. X named Scarus rivulatus; nov. gen. Siganus and at p. 25, no. 9 named Scarus siganus; rivulatus. See Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965, p. 13, plate 2) for further discussion. Two specimens, TL 195 and 155 mm, SL 160 and 129 mm, head 42 and 31 mm, and height 57 and 41 mm. The dorsal part of the body is middle brown and the ventral part light sand‑coloured. The flanks were apparently once marbled. The larger specimen (SL 160 mm) was selected as lectotype by Klausewitz and Nielsen (1965). Nielsen and Klausewitz (1968) send an application to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, asking for the preservation of the generic name Siganus Forsskål, 1775, under the Plenary Powers. Thus, the type species for Siganus is Scarus rivulatus Forsskål, 1775 by tautonomy. This has been followed by resent authors e.g. Tortonese (1973) and Dor (1984). Beaufort and Chapman (1951) regarded this species identical to Siganus spinus (Linne, 1758).


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